PART Ed 317 Standards And Procedures For Suspension And Expulsion Of Pupils Including Procedures Assuring Due Proces.
Section Ed 317.01 Purpose
Section Ed 317.02 Definitions
Section Ed 317.03 Standard for Expulsion by Local School Board
Section Ed 317.04 Disciplinary Procedures
Section Ed 317.05 Reporting Procedures and Ed 317 form
Section Ed 317.06 Child With a Disability
Ed 317.01 Purpose.
(a) These rules provide the minimum requirements to assure due process and statewide uniformity in the enforcement of RSA 193:13 and 193-D relative to disciplinary action of a pupil for:
(1) Gross misconduct;
(2) Neglect or refusal to conform to the reasonable rules of the school; or
(3) Possession of:
a. A pellet gun;
b. Paint ball gun;
c. B B gun;
e. A firearm as defined in 18USC 921; or
f. Other dangerous weapon.
(4) An act of theft, destruction, or violence in violation of RSA 193-D:1, et seq.
(b) These rules also provide a standard that local school boards shall use in adopting and implementing a policy relative to pupil conduct and disciplinary procedures under RSA 193-D:2, II.
(c) These rules also link discipline and due process to the requirements of Ed 1109 relative to children with disabilities.
(a) "Expulsion" means the permanent denial of a pupil's attendance at school for any of the reasons listed in RSA 193:13, II and III.
(b) "Firearm" means "firearm” as defined in section 921 of Title 18 of the US Code;
(c) “Dangerous weapons " means dangerous weapons listed but not limited to those in RSA 159:16.
(d) "Gross misconduct" includes, but is not limited to an act which:
(1) Results in injury to another's person or damage to property;
(2) Poses a direct threat to the safety of others in a safe school zone; or
(3) Is identified in RSA 193-D:1, I.
(e) "Neglect", in the context of RSA 193:13, I and II, means the failure of a pupil to pay attention to an announced, posted, or printed school rule.
(f) "Pupil" means a student in attendance at a school during the school day or during any school sponsored function.
(g) "Refusal", in the context of RSA 193:13, I and II means the failure of a pupil to comply with an announced, posted, or printed school rule.
(h) Safe school zone" means "safe school zone" as defined in RSA 193-D:1, II.
(i) "School day" means:
(1) For a pupil who takes the school bus, the time period beginning when a pupil boards the bus in the morning to the time when a pupil disembarks from the bus in the afternoon; and
(2) For a pupil who walks to school or arrives by private car, the time period beginning when the pupil arrives on the school grounds to the time when the pupil leaves the school grounds.
(j) "Superintendent" means the school superintendent or chief administering officer, or a representative designated in writing as authorized under RSA 193:13, I.
(k) "Suspension" means the temporary denial of a student's attendance at school for a specific period of time for gross misconduct or for neglect or refusal to conform to announced, posted, or printed school rules.
(a) A school board which expels a pupil under RSA 193:13, II or III, shall state in writing its reasons, including the act leading to expulsion, and shall provide a procedure for review as allowed under RSA 193:13, II.
(b) School boards shall make certain that the pupil has received notice of the requirements of RSA 193-D and RSA 193:13 through announced, posted, or printed school rules.
(c) If a student is subject to expulsion and a firearm is involved, the superintendent shall contact local law enforcement officials whenever there is any doubt concerning:
(1) Whether a firearm is legally licensed under RSA 159; or
(2) Whether the firearm is lawfully possessed, as opposed to unlawfully possessed, under the legal definitions of RSA 159.
(d) If a pupil brings or possesses a firearm in a safe school zone without written authorization from the superintendent, the following shall apply:
(1) The superintendent shall suspend the pupil for a period not to exceed 10 days, pending a hearing by the local board; and
(2) The school board shall hold a hearing within 10 days to determine whether the student was in violation of RSA 193:13, III and therefore is subject to expulsion.
(a) There shall be the following levels of discipline available to school officials enforcing RSA 193:13 relative to the suspension and expulsion of pupils:
(1) A short-term suspension pursuant to RSA 193:13,I(a) is for a period not to exceed 10 school days;
(2) A long-term suspension pursuant to RSA 193:13,I(b)-(c) is for more than 10 days; (3) An expulsion by the local school board is for a period determined in writing by the board under RSA 193:13, II; and
(4) An expulsion by the local school board is for a period of not less than 12 months under RSA 193:13, III.
(b) The superintendent or the superintendent’s designee shall be authorized to impose a short term suspension.
(c) The school board or its designee shall be authorized to impose a long term suspension, after the imposition of a short-term suspension provided that the designee shall not be the same person who suspended the pupil in (a)(1).
(d) Prior to the imposition of any suspension or expulsion, each school board shall adopt a policy under RSA 189:15 which prescribes the manner in which the student body shall be informed concerning the content of RSA 193:13 through announced, posted, or printed school rules.
(e) If the school and school board have met the requirements of paragraph (d) a pupil appealing a local decision to the state board shall not be allowed to claim lack of knowledge of the state law requiring expulsion for bringing or possessing a firearm or other dangerous weapon as defined in these rules.
(f) Due process in disciplinary proceedings shall include, at a minimum, the following:
(1) In a short-term suspension:
a. The superintendent or designee shall inform the pupil at the outset of the meeting of the meeting’s purpose including the possibility of a short-term suspension;
b. Oral or written notice of the charges and an explanation of the evidence against the pupil, which may be provided at or before this meeting;
c. An opportunity for the pupil to present his/her side of the story;
d. A written statement to the pupil and at least one of the pupil's parents or guardian explaining any disciplinary action taken against the student;
(2) In a long-term suspension of a pupil:
a. Written communication to the pupil and at least one of the pupil's parents or guardian, delivered in person or by mail to the pupil's last known address, prior to the hearing, of the charges and an explanation of the evidence against the pupil;
b. A hearing in accordance with (f )(3)g.;
c. A written decision which includes the legal and factual basis for the conclusion that the pupil should be suspended;
d. If the hearing was conducted by the school board's designee, the decision may be appealed to the local school board under RSA 193:13, I; and
e. If the hearing was conducted by the school board, the decision may be appealed to the state board;
(3) In an expulsion by the local school board, due process shall include the following minimal requirements:
a. A formal hearing shall be held before any expulsion;
b. Such hearing may be held either before or after the short-term suspension has expired and pending the expulsion hearing;
c. If the hearing is held after the expiration of a short-term suspension, the pupil shall be entitled to return to school after the short-term suspension has expired and pending the expulsion hearing, unless the student is still serving a long-term suspension;
d. The school board shall provide written notice to the pupil and at least one of the pupil's parents or guardian, delivered in person or by mail to the pupil's last known address, of the date, time and place for a hearing before the local board;
e. The written notice required by d. above shall include:
1. A written statement of the charges and the nature of the evidence against the pupil; and
2. A superintendent's written recommendation for school board action and a description of the process used by the superintendent to reach his/her recommendation;
f. This notice shall be delivered to the pupil and at least one of the pupil's parents or guardian at least 5 days prior to the hearing;
g. The following hearing procedures shall apply:
1. The pupil, together with a parent or guardian may waive the right to a hearing and admit to the charges made by the superintendent;
2. If the pupil is 18 years of age or older, the concurrence of a parent or guardian shall be unnecessary unless the pupil is subject to a guardianship which would prevent the pupil from waiving the right to a hearing;
3. Formal rules of evidence shall not be applicable, however, school officials shall present evidence in support of the charge(s) and the accused pupil or his/her parent or guardian shall have an opportunity to present any defense or reply;
4. The hearing shall be either public or private and the choice shall be that of the pupil or his parent or guardian; and
5. During the hearing, the pupil, parent, guardian or counsel representing the pupil, shall have the right to examine any and all witnesses;
h. The decision of the school board shall be based on a dispassionate and fair consideration of substantial evidence that the accused pupil committed the act for which expulsion is imposed and that such acts are, in fact, a proper reason for expulsion;
i. The decision shall state whether the student is expelled and the length of the expulsion; j. If the decision is to expel the pupil the decision shall include the legal and factual basis for the decision including the specific statutory reference prohibiting that act as listed in RSA 193:13, II;
k. If the student is expelled, the decision shall state that the expulsion runs until the local school board later reviews it and restores the student’s permission to attend school;
l. The decision shall also state any action the student may take to be restored by the board; and
m. The decision shall include a statement that the pupil has the right to appeal the decision to the state board of education.
(g) Notwithstanding any other deadline in Ed 200 all appeals to the state board from school board decisions under (f),(2) and (f)(3) shall be filed within 20 calendar days of receipt of the written decision of the local school board and shall be in accordance with RSA 541-A and Ed 200.
(a) In accordance with RSA 193-D:4, each written report by a supervisor to the principal relating to an act of theft, destruction, or violence in a safe school zone shall be on standardized form #Ed 317.
(b) The report by a supervisor to a principal on Form #Ed 317 shall contain all the statutory information required by RSA 193-D:4.
(c) Form #Ed 317 shall be completed and filed with the local law enforcement authority within 48 hours of such incident.
(d) Form #Ed 317 shall contain the following information:
(1) School name;
(2) School address;
(3) School telephone number;
(4) Name of school principal;
(5) Date of incident involving an act of theft, destruction, or violence, or the possession of a firearm;
(6) Time of incident in (5) above;
(7) Location of incident in (5) above;
(8) Alleged offense;
(9) Description of incident;
(10) Name of suspect;
(11) Grade in school of suspect;
(12) Address of suspect;
(13) Gender of suspect;
(14) Name of victim;
(15) Grade in school of victim;
(16) Address of victim;
(17) Gender of victim;
(18) Name of employee reporting incident;
(19) Date report was completed by employee;
(20) Date report was filed with local law enforcement authority by school principal.
(e) A school district reporting a crime committed by a child with a disability shall ensure that copies of the relevant portions of the special education and disciplinary records of the child are made available in a manner that protects the privacy of student records for consideration by the appropriate authorities to whom it reports the crime.
(f) A school district shall complete and file Form Ed 317-Fed, Report on Students Disciplined Under the Gun Free School Act of 1994, with the commissioner on or before June 30 of each year.
(g) Form Ed 317-Fed shall contain the following information:
(1) Name of school district;
(2) School name;
(3) Pupil's grade in school;
(4) Type of firearm:
b. Rifle/shotgun; or
c. Other firearm;
(5) Number of expulsions modified to less than 12 months;
(6) Number of modifications for students who are not students with educational disabilities;
(7) Number of expulsions which resulted in a referral to an alternative school or program;
(8) Name of Reporting official; and
(9) Signature and date.
Source. #6109, eff 10-28-95; ss by #6366, eff 10-30-96; amd by #6820, eff 9-1-98; ss by #7513, eff 7-1-01; ss by #8583, eff 3-15-06; ss by #10361-B, eff 6-15-13
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